Award Winner Built Dragon Dragon Dragon 1 35 Battle Damaged Tiger Debris Diorama 4d8539

Award Winner Built Dragon Dragon Dragon 1 35 Battle Damaged Tiger Debris Diorama 4d8539

Award Winner Built Dragon Dragon Dragon 1 35 Battle Damaged Tiger Debris Diorama 4d8539

PI-driving-guide

If you’re bringing your car to the UK or hiring one once you get here, this guide will help you to get used to British roads. From driving etiquette to some handy tips from the AA, the UK’s biggest motoring association, we’ve got everything you need to have a safe and unforgettable trip.

legal-risks  road-etiquette  aa

top-10-places-to-visit-by-car


Legal Requirements 

Bringing your car to the UK

If you decide to drive your own vehicle for your very own British road trip, then there are a few things to keep in mind.

Papers

What you need to bring:

  • Your passport or ID card
  • Your vehicle’s documents
  • A valid driver’s licence 
  • A European Accident Statement
  • Accident and breakdown cover
  • Motor insurance certificate
  • Green Insurance Card

Insurance

  • You must have motor insurance to drive your vehicle on UK roads
  • You can get international travel insurance as an add-on for your car liability insurance. Rates and options vary with each insurance company
  • Bring the certificate of international travel insurance with you
  • ATLAS 49064 N SD60 NS 6666 (Norfolk Southern) C-10 Mint - Brand New,
  • You must wear a seatbelt in cars, vans and other goods vehicles if one is fitted

Hiring a car

Hiring a car can be a convenient and flexible way to get around Britain. 

Atlas O TM T 9-Panel Hopper Grand Trunk Western Arched End 2R,

  • Bachmann 42729 O Scale E-Z Street Car Sedan bluee,Not all hire companies will have the same prices and some may even have special offers. If you’re using a holiday provider, see if they offer any inclusive deals
  • Athearn N F45 NYS&W ATH15086,Check your documentation to look for additional charges you may be surprised by when you return the car. If you’re not sure what they are, query them with your provider. Check your credit card bill in the weeks after your trip too in case new charges are added
  • Atlas O 2 Rail 3002312-1 Ralston Purina 53' Evans Boxcar,The extra costs of a satnav can really add up on your car hire, so why not bring your own and save the money!
  • Arnold N 2051 Br Db 217 001-7 Test Fonctionne - Lumière Ok Poussière Boue sans,Each hire company will have different fuel policies, so try to work out which is the best for you.AOSHIMA SUPER RACING The24hour LEMANS 1987 PRIMAGAZ PORSCHE Made in Japan RARE,

Equipment

Things that should be in the car: 

  • Warning triangle
  • Reflective jacket
  • First-aid kit
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Spare light bulbs 

Things that are forbidden:

  • Spare jerry cans are not allowed on ferries 

Aoshima Waterline 00977 IJN Japanese Battleship FUSO 1944 1 700 scale kit,


Speed limits and fines 

speed-camera

Speed limits

The UK still uses the imperial system for road signs. All limits and restrictions are set in miles per hour (1 mile = 1.61 kilometres) and yards (1 yard = 0.91 meters).

Knowing the national generic limits for cars and motorbikes will make life a lot easier, so you don't have to convert in your head while driving. On UK roads, it is unusual to find speed limit signs unless the speed limit differs from the “standard” limit for that road type.

  ATLAS US Three-Dome Tank Car Tankwagen Dupont neuwertig, Athearn HO Ready to Run 30000 Gal Ethanol Tank TEIX White (3) ATH28260, BACHMANN N SCALE SD9 DCC SND DRGW BN 62354, ATLAS CLASSIC HO SCALE ALCO RS-11 LOCOMOTIVE NEW YORK CENTRAL Train, BM85-2x Märklin H0 AC 4000 Blech-Personenwagen Bi 18 t 2. Klasse green, 
Aoshima 1 12 BIKE Honda Ape 50 Takegawa Ver. Plastic Model Kit from Japan NEW, 30mph (48kmph) 60mph (96kmph) 70mph (112kmph) 20mph (32kmph) 50mph (80kmph)
Bachmann hawthorne village JOHN WAYNE THE DUKE EXPRESS powered steam engine ON3O, 30mph (48kmph) 50mph (80kmph) 60mph (96kmph) 20mph (32kmph) 50mph (80kmph)

Speed Cameras and Fines

The Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) generally suggests a margin of 10% plus 2mph of the posted speed limit before giving you a speeding ticket. Individual police forces can use their discretion, though, so even driving in excess of 1mph could result in a fine.

If police catch you speeding, you can risk the following:

  • A verbal warning
  • Attending a speed awareness course, which you'll have to pay for
  • A Fixed Penalty Notice (a speeding ticket) plus a £100 fine
  • Prosecution. You will have to go to court and you could face a fine of up to £1,000 (£2,500 if you were speeding on the motorway) and a possible driving disqualification
Bemo 1759164 Elektrolok Ge 4 4 III 644 Rhätische Bahn RhB Digital Sound H0,
BL750-0,5x Märklin H0 AC 4029 Intern. Schlafwagen Blech-Personenwagen CIWL, Bl965-3x Märklin H0 00 AC binari di contatto e , pezzo Accomodamento etc., ATHEARN HO SCALE TRAINMASTER SANTA FE POWERED,n
20mph  (32kph) 24mph (38kph)  35mph (56kph) 
30mph (48kph) 35mph (56kph) 50mph (80kph)
40mph (64kph) 46mph (74 kph)   66mph (106kph)
 50mph (80kph) 57mph (91kph)  76mph (122kph) 
60mph (96kph) 68mph (109kph)  86mph (138kph) 
70mph (112kph)  79mph (127kph)  96mph (154kph) 

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Roads and signsBachman G scale big haulers Pepsi Co. Billboard Reefer Car,

motorway

Roads

There are 3 main types of road in the UK and signs and speed limits will differ depending on where you’re driving. These 3 road types are:

  • ATLAS HO LOCO SANTA FE,High-speed roads (70 mph) where slow vehicles and pedestrians are forbidden. Motorway signs are blue with white text. Motorways are named with an M prefix or suffix (for example M6 or A6 (M)). Junctions and exits are announced one mile in advance, with several signs until the exit. Motorways are free to drive on except for a small part of the M6, north of Birmingham
  • BACHMANN TRAINS 35210 HO CASTLE CAR WASH Assembled Resin Building FREE SHIP, Smaller and slower roads which can either be single or dual carriageways. Signs are green with white text. You can find both primary A-roads and primary B-roads, B-roads are generally regional and link up less populated areas.
  • ATLAS N scale 49725 SOUTHERN PACIFIC B23-7 DCC READY, These routes are often present when there is a primary route close by. They offer an alternative which may be more direct and avoid dual carriageways. They can be either A or B roads, and signs are white with black writing. 

You can also find C roads across the UK, but these are very small and not often noted on national maps.

Road signs  

Some road signs will be familiar, but there are a few that you can only find in the United Kingdom. Here are the main ones:

Main British road signs by Jean-Yves Scauri

Driving in London 

England’s capital is a must-visit destination for tourists. You may decide to ditch your car and get on the tube, but if you want to see the city from the comfort of your own car then read on to get our tips. 

a. London Congestion Charge 

To avoid traffic in London, there is a toll that drivers in the city centre must pay from Monday to Friday between 7am and 6pm. 

To pay it, you have to register your license plate online before travelling. It costs £11.50 per car per day. 

Congestion charge sign and the areas where it applies:

congestion-charge-small congestion-charge-map

ATLAS 4614 KATO EMD GP35 Southern Pacific 6529 Diesellok n 1 160 Ω19 å,If you want to park on London’s streets, make sure that you know where you are allowed to. Here’s a breakdown of the road markings: 

    Aoshima Kanmusume heavy cruiser Suzuya ship Plastic No.20 1 700, ATLAS HO CODE 83- TURNOUT (LEFT),
ATHEARN SPECIAL EDITION HO READING FREIGHT CAR SET, Bachmann-F7-B DCC Rdy C&O - HO, allowed  allowed at certain days and times
Battlefront FoW Great War French Clavery's Chargers Box SW, allowed not allowed
Bachmann 57905 HO Scale SF 2-8-0, AVP PIC201313 Predator Jungle Hunter Statue (Alien vs Predator) Prodos Games NIB,  allowed at certain times and days allowed at certain days and times
AQ512-1Märklin H0 AC Set Containerwagen Elektro- Metallindustrie Dortmund, not allowed  not allowed
Atlas HO Milwaukee Road GE U23B Locomotive Road, Avalon Hill ASL Advanced Squad Leader ASL Annual 92,  allowed allowed at certain times and days with "pay and display"; free parking at all other times

You can also leave your car in one of these 7 car parks located just outside the congestion charge zone and close to tube stations: 

  • Park Lane / Marble Arch 
  • Queensway 
  • Knightsbridge 
  • Pimlico 
  • St. John's Wood 
  • Tower Bridge 
  • Church Street 

You can then use the Oyster card or the London Travelcard to travel around London with ease. 

b. Dartford Crossing toll 

dartford-crossing

There is another toll to pay if you drive on the east side of London. The Dartford Crossing toll can also be paid online in advance or within 24 hours after crossing. It costs £2.50 per car.

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Legal risks 

parking

Drink driving

  • The BAC (blood alcohol content) limit in England, Wales and Northern Ireland is 80 micrograms per 100 millilitres of breath
  • The limit in Scotland is significantly lower at 50 micrograms per 100 millilitres of breath
  • Alcohol has a different effect on everyone and is dependent on factors such as weight, age and metabolism, but it is advisable to not drink any alcohol at all when driving.
  • The fine for being caught over the limit can be as high as £5175 and you may also lose your driving license 

Texting while driving

  • Using a mobile phone while driving is illegal in the UK. The penalty is a fine, starting at £90
  • It is allowed to use a phone in emergency situations when dialling 999 or 112
  • Phones can also be used when the car is safely parked
  • Hands-free phones can be used but drivers can still be stopped by the police if there are any suspicions that the driver is distracted

Seatbelts

  • You and your passengers must wear a seatbelt if one is fitted in the seat you’re using
  • You can get fined up to £440 if you don’t wear it
  • An exception to wearing a seatbelt is when the driver is reversing the car

Parking fines 

  • Familiarise yourself with UK parking signs and markings
  • Parking fines start at £60 

texting

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Road Etiquette and Tips 

Every country has its own driving etiquette and the UK is no different. Here are our top tips for using the road like a local! 

  • Horns should only be used when someone's driving behaviour is really dangerous - and only a quick pip. Any prolonged sounding of the horn is considered hostile. The use of a car horn is not permitted in built-up areas between 11.30pm and 7 am
  • In traffic, always let at least one car in at junctions and exits where possible. It’s only polite!
  • Don't ever try to queue jump (go up the wrong lane and then try to get in late). Drivers will not let you in and you may find yourself blocked deliberately.
  • Flash your lights or blink your hazard lights a few times to express ‘thank you’, ‘you’re welcome’ or ‘go ahead’, depending on the situation.
  • Allow fire, police and ambulance vehicles to pass safely and legally. Continue to drive until you find a place to safely pull out of the way but don’t stop dead in the middle of the road or break the law unless instructed by a police officer.
  • British roads are fairly narrow. The vehicle coming uphill is always given priority.
  • On British motorways, there is no so-called "fast lane". Unless you are overtaking another vehicle, you should remain in the left-hand lane ("Lane 1") at all times. If you change lanes, you must signal with your indicator.
  • The police can arrest you if you drive below the speed required. If an officer thinks your driving is a risk to other road users, even if you are driving slowly, you can be fined.
  • Don’t drive too close to the vehicle in front of you. Understand that some drivers make an effort to maintain a safe, legal, braking distance behind the car in front. 

Athearn 7533 HO Scale 200 Ton Crane Tender Set Chessie System,


Five main concerns addressed by the AA 

The AA is the UK’s biggest motoring association. It is the most popular breakdown cover provider in the country, and also offers car insurance, driving lessons, route planning and driving advice. We’ve been in touch with Chris Patience, responsible for all of the AA’s online motoring advice and information, to get some tips about driving in the UK.

Driving on the left

Aoshima Bunka Kyozai 1 700 Water Line Series Maritime Self-Defense Force supply,With nearly 35 million vehicles, including almost 29 million cars, British roads are generally much busier than roads across mainland Europe.Bachmann HO 63108 Alco S4, Norfolk and Western,.

On dual carriageways and motorways use the left-hand lane unless overtaking.

Pay particular attention when turning at a junction or rejoining the road after a short stop (refueling etc.) as this is when you are most likely to forget and revert to driving on the right.

There is no general priority rule. You must stop at junctions with a solid white line across the road and must give way to traffic on the main road when emerging from a junction with broken white lines across the road.

Roundabouts

Bell containertragwagen sgns epv Fleischmann 825208 N 1 160 ovp å,Roundabouts are very common in Britain and are generally safer than other types of the junction as long as you follow a few simple rules.

Traffic always flows in a clockwise direction around roundabouts.

The general rule is to give way to traffic approaching from your right unless you are directed to do otherwise by signs, road markings or traffic lights.

As you approach a roundabout pay particular attention to any signs and lane markings directing you to the correct lane for your exit.

Articulated Scooby Doo Cartoon Network 15 Plush Soft Toy Stuffed Animal,.

Driving in London

ATH Genesis 65654 Burlington Northern GP40-2 DC HO,BM88-0,5Märklin H0 AC Speisewagen DSG (aus Set 29845) 555 NEM KK, TOP,.

If you do drive in the central zone you will have to pay the congestion charge. The charge is payable Monday to Friday between 7 am and 6 pm and the zone is identified by signs and road markings displaying a white 'C' on a red background.

Accidents 

ATLAS 1 87 HO SCALE CANADIAN NATIONAL CN 50' BOX CAR ITEM 20002506 NIB,If you are involved in a road-traffic accident as a driver you must stop if anyone is injured, if there's damage to another vehicle or property or if an animal is injured.Aoshima 1 12 [Kirin] Kawasaki GPZ900R Chosuke specificationvintage chassis rare,. Read more information here.

Breakdowns

Bl147-1MÄRKLIN H0 AC 3098 Steam Locomotive 38 1807 dB, Very Good,Breakdowns are stressful enough at home but can be even more so if you're in a foreign country and don't know the language or who to contact. Talk to your national breakdown service provider to ensure that your policy is extended to include cover abroad.

If your car breaks down, get your vehicle off the road if possible. Make sure you warn other traffic by using your hazard warning lights, particularly if your vehicle is causing an obstruction

If your car breaks down on a motorway, do the following: 

  • Pull onto the hard shoulder and stop as far to the left as possible
  • Leave your sidelights on and turn on the hazard warning lights
  • Get out of the vehicle by the left-hand door and make sure that all your passengers do the same
  • Wait behind a barrier well away from the carriageway and hard shoulder
  • On motorways without a hard shoulder, use an emergency refuge area, motorway service area, or leave at the next exit
  • If you have to stop in a live lane, put your hazard lights on, and dial 999 or 112. Do not attempt to leave your vehicle unless you are in the left-hand lane and it is safe to do so.

Read more information and advice about car break down on the AA website

Athearn HO GP38-2 BN Frisco Patch ATHG65367,


Top 10 places to visit by car 

 

If you’re driving over to the UK using the ferry, then you’ll most likely arrive at the port of Dover. From Brighton’s famous Pier to the prehistoric Stonehenge monument, you can easily get to all of these fantastic places by car from the town. Here are our ten must-see locations.

dover

Athearn HO Scale Southern R.R. Loco. GP40X New,

When you arrive in Dover, take some time to explore the city, including 16th century Deal Castle, and enjoy the beautiful panoramas of the famous White Cliffs.

bexhill-on-sea

Bachmann-USRA 0-6-0 w Vanderbilt Tender & Smoke - Standard DC -- Southern Pacifi,

From Dover, take a scenic drive along the south coast on the A20 and A259. In about 90 minutes you'll arrive in Bexhill, where you can admire the seaside and get a splendid view of the English Channel.


brighton

Bn633-2 x Märklin H0 AC 5100 Section de voie Rail courbé voie M très bien,

From the A259, continue on the A27 for 31 miles to arrive in Brighton. The city's famous pier is fabulously British and features a funfair, restaurants and traditional seaside fun.

london

BF207-0,5Märklin H0 AC 4047 Blech-Postwagen Bundespost 62262 Stg, OVP,

Make sure you stop by the capital to visit famous monuments like the BH657-0,5viele H0 Zurüstteile Roco, Liliput etc. für Loks und Wagen,, Big Ben and the Tower of London. To reach London from Dover, take the A2 and then follow the M2 for 76 miles.


windsor

Bn705-0,5 Märklin H0 AC 5128 AIGUILLAGE DKW VOIE M , très bien, OVP,

From London, take the A4 for 25 miles to Windsor to visit the BATMAN STREETS OF GOTHAM COUNTERTOP DISPLAY DC Heroclix 28 booster count,. Windsor Castle is the official residence of The Queen and the beautiful grounds cover 13 acres.

stonehenge

ATLAS 10001365 HO Scale C424 CN 3222 (Canadian National) +Sound - Brand New Mint,

Take the M3 from London, take the A303 for 88 miles and stop in Wiltshire. This picturesque county is home to the prehistoric monument Stonehenge. Walk in the footsteps of our Neolithic ancestors and discover how they lived 4500 years ago.


oxford

Athearn ATHG69740 HO ES44AC BNSF Railway Locomotive,

From London, take the M40 then the A40 for 46 miles to stop in Oxford, a city that revolves around its prestigious university, established in the 12th century. Drive on the A44 to Woodstock to visit Blenheim Palace, one of the finest country houses in Britain, birthplace of Sir Winston Churchill and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

warwick

Bachmann Steam Engine A. T. & S. F. N Scale,

Continue on the M40 for 95 miles to arrive in Warwick and visit the famous Warwick Castle. This medieval castle was originally built by William the Conqueror in 1068 and is home to one of the world’s largest working siege engines.


cambridge

Athearn 91660 HO Norfolk Southern SD60 DCC ready,

From London, take the M11 for 63 miles and stop by Cambridge to visit one of the world’s most famous university towns and see some of the finest scenery in southern England.

cardiff

Battletech painted SMI Tank Destroyers (2) NCICE,

From London, drive on the M4 for 150 miles and you’ll be in Cardiff, the capital of Wales. This port city is home to Battlefront FoW WWII Soviet Loose Russian Infantry Collection NM,, a marvel of Roman, medieval and Gothic architecture.


Driving in the UK can be a challenge at first and you should always prepare before you start driving in the country. This guide should help you with all of your preparations. Remember to read up on all rules and regulations, but most importantly- enjoy your holiday!

Atlas 20003714 HO Florida East Coast ACF 89' 4 Intermodal Flatcar,


Sources and additional information

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